The Groningen Growth and Development Centre


University of Groningen

The Groningen Growth and Development Centre  (GGDC) was founded in 1992 within the Economics Department of the University of Groningen by a group of researchers working on comparative analysis of levels of economic performance and differences in growth rates.

The activities of the Centre are primarily in the field of research. This research is largely based on a range of comprehensive databases on indicators of growth and development that the Centre compiles and maintains on a regular basis.

The participants of the Centre publish papers, articles and books often linked to these databases. It also organises seminars and conferences, and it submits and supports (joint) proposals to finance research in this field.

GGDC Productivity Level Database

he GGDC Productivity Level database provides comparisons of output, inputs and productivity at a detailed industry level for a set of thirty OECD countries. It complements the EU KLEMS growth and productivity accounts by providing comparative levels and follows it in terms of country and industry coverage, variable definition and basic data. As such, the level and growth accounts can be used together in comparative analyses of productivity trends. The database consist of 3 files. The first two files contain the basic data and provide productivity comparisons for the benchmark year 1997. The only difference between the two files is in the PPP-set used. The first file (name Benchmark 1997) is based on a mix of PPPs from both the production and expenditure side. This file is our preferred option. The second file (name Alternative Benchmark, 1997) provides alternative estimates for 1997 based on PPPs from the expenditure side only. The third file (name 2005 Extrapolation) contains updates of the 1997 benchmark results to the year 2005, which is the latest year for which data is available in the EU KLEMS database as yet (March 2008 release).

10-Sector Database

The GGDC 10-Sector Database provides a long-run internationally comparable dataset on sectoral productivity performance in Asia, Europe, Latin America and the US. Variables covered in the data set are annual series of value added, output deflators, and persons employed for 10 broad sectors. It gives sectoral detail to the historical macro data in Maddison (2003) from 1950 onwards. It consists of series for 10 countries in Asia, 9 in Latin-America and 9 in Europe and the US. The data for Asia and Latin-America are based on Marcel P. Timmer and Gaaitzen J. de Vries (2007), ‘A Cross-Country Database For Sectoral Employment And Productivity In Asia And Latin America, 1950-2005’, GGDC Research memorandum GD-98, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, August 2007. Data for Europe and the US is based on an update of Bart van Ark (1996), Sectoral Growth Accounting and Structural Change in Post-War Europe, in B. van Ark and N.F.R. Crafts, eds., Quantitative Aspects of Post-War European Economic Growth, CEPR/Cambridge University Press, pp. 84-164.

In the present data base we distinguish between ten sectors of the economy, namely: agriculture, mining, manufacturing, construction, public utilities, retail and wholesale trade, transport and communication, finance and business services, other market services and government services.

Historical National Accounts

The datahub on Comparative Historical National Accounts provides information on Gross Domestic Product, including an industry breakdown, for the 19th and 20th centuries. This dataset is a complement to Angus Maddison’s estimates of World GDP. It gives the user GDP estimates at current as well as constant prices, and presents more detailed estimates at an industry level. These data will enable researchers to analyse the process of economic growth and structural change in more detail. The construction of the database was supported by grants from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) and the European Science Foundation (ESF). The database is coordinated by Jutta Bolt

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